Testosterone deficiencyOn March 29, 2019 by Kelly Castro
Find out how it affects your health
What is testosterone deficiency
Testosterone is an essential male hormone produced in the testes, which plays a critical role in the health and well-being of man. Testosterone is responsible for the typical male sexual characters and is necessary for the maintenance of physical, mental and sexual health.
The medical term is testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS). Occurs when testosterone levels fall, appearing symptoms associated with this deficit. The testosterone deficiency syndrome may be caused by an insufficient production of testosterone by the testes, or by the inactivation of testosterone circulating in the blood.
The decrease in testosterone becomes more apparent after 40 years. Therefore, the percentage of SDT increases with age, affecting 10% of men at 50 years of age, a figure that increases up to 30% in men from 75 years of age.
How it affects us
Testosterone is important for proper sexual function. Testosterone is related to sexual desire (libido) and the process of erection.
In addition, testosterone helps maintain:
- Muscle mass
- The fat mass
- Bone mineralization
- Intellectual capacity and mood.
- Physical energy
Therefore, a deficit of testosterone can have many consequences related to health:
- Lack of energy
- Decrease in libido
- Loss of facial and body hair
- Changes in body composition (for example: decrease in body
muscle mass and increase in fat mass)
Men with testosterone deficiency may have a higher risk of suffering:
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Diabetes and metabolic syndrome
Testosterone deficiency can be diagnosed by a clinical evaluation and a simple blood test.
If the tests confirm that you have testosterone deficiency, you can use different treatments to get your testosterone back to normal levels.
What are the causes?
Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome refers to a testosterone deficit associated with age. Men usually experience a certain drop in their testosterone levels as they get older because they reduce the functioning of the testes and the complex hormonal system. This decline can be accelerated by poor health and, in some men, testosterone levels can decrease excessively.
Testosterone is intimately related to obesity, hypertension, glucose intolerance (prediabetes) and cholesterol elevation. Men with these health problems are more likely to have an abnormal decrease in their testosterone levels.
The treatment of Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome is based on restoring normal levels of this hormone.
The symptoms of Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome are those associated with the decrease of testosterone. Because some of these symptoms can be related to advancing age and the appearance of symptoms is gradual, the Syndrome of Testosterone Deficiency in many cases in a disease that is underdiagnosed.
Among the symptoms of testosterone deficiency are the following:
- Reduction of sexual desire (libido), difficulty in achieving an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Difficulty reaching orgasm
- Increased fatigue and fatigue; decrease in energy and the feeling of vitality or well-being
- Depression, anxiety, irritability
- Decrease in muscle mass and strength
- Loss of facial, body and pubic hair
- Increased breast tissue (gynecomastia)
- Lack of concentration and / or memory
- Increase in insulin resistance
- Loss of bone density (osteoporosis)
These symptoms are not specific to testosterone deficiency; go to your doctor for the diagnosis.
Treatment of testosterone deficiency
The treatment of testosterone deficiency is quite simple. But it must always be done under medical prescription.
What treatments are available?
The different testosterone formulations that we currently have available to treat testosterone deficiency are:
- Injections (short and long-term action)
A suitable testosterone preparation is one that manages to make testosterone levels reach the normal range, to reverse the symptoms of testosterone deficit. It may take several months of treatment before there are appreciable changes in some of your symptoms.